## This video is about Phonics Analogy Charts

### Analogies Anchor Chart {plus a freebie} by Crafting Connections!

Analogy charting (Buehl & Hein, 1990; Buehl, 1995) is a classroom strategy that provides a visual framework for students to analyze key relationships in an analogy in depth. Analogies are based on the compare/contrast text frame, and as students explore relationships by connecting to already known ideas, they broaden their understanding of important concepts or vocabulary. Analogy charting can be used with students to introduce a topic, to guide comprehension while reading, or synthesize understanding after reading.

### NorthIowaReading - Analogy Charting

3. Ask students to next brainstorm how the two concepts are different and enter these in the *Differences* column. This is a vital step, as it will ensure that students do not overgeneralize how the two concepts are alike, and it will reinforce that analogous relationships are not *identical* relationships. Initially, steps 2 and 3 need to be modeled extensively by the teacher, but after students develop more independence, have them complete individual copies of a blank Analogy Chart in cooperative groups.

2. Introduce the Analogy Chart and provide copies for students to complete as you examine the analogy. Start brainstorming with students to generate ideas about specific characteristics or properties common to both concepts. Enter these in the *Similarities* column. Students might offer that a colony and a dependent child share the following characteristics: they rely on a parent figure for their needs, the must follow rules or laws set by others, they are related or somehow connected to the parent figure, and they sometimes have feelings of resentment and a desire to be independent and on their own.