Analogy Dictionary Definition | Analogy Defined
Analogy definition: An analogy is a comparison between two things that are quite different in nature. An analogy often explains a complex subject with one that is simpler or more familiar.
Analogy Definition From Longman English Dictionary Online
Analogy Definition: The word analogy derives from the Greek word analogos, which means proportionate. Analogy is a comparison between persons, places, objects or idea for the purpose of explanation. It is just like a relationship between two or more things. Analogy can be distinguished by its fourfold structure or its proportionate ratio. Whenever there are four terms so related that the second term is related to the first, while the fourth is related to the third, then such a relationship is called analogy.
Unformatted text preview: Fallacies of grammatical analogy Definition Fallacies of grammatical analogy: Fallacious arguments that are grammatically analogous to good arguments. We will cover: Composition Division Composition Definition Composition: Inferring that because the parts of something all have an attribute therefore the whole thing has that attribute, in cases where this does not follow. Examples Each player on this basketball team is an excellent athlete. Therefore, the team as a whole is excellent. Salt is composed of sodium and chlorine, both of which are deadly poisons. Therefore, salt is a deadly poison. Division Definition Division: Inferring that because a whole thing has an attribute therefore its parts also have the attribute, in cases where this does not follow. Examples Salt is not poisonous. Therefore, its component elements, sodium and chlorine, are not poisonous. Stanley Steamers have almost disappeared. This car is a Stanley Steamer. Therefore, this car has almost disappeared. Review Fallacies of presumption Begging the question Complex question False dichotomy Fallacies of ambiguity Equivocation Amphiboly Fallacies of Grammatical Analogy Composition Division Exercise Identify the fallacies of presumption, ambiguity, and grammatical analogy committed by the following arguments. If no fallacy is committed, write no fallacy. Question 1 Either we require forced sterilization of Third World peoples or world population will explode and all of us will die. We certainlyworld population will explode and all of us will die....