analogy definition and synonyms | Macmillan Dictionary
Analogy Definition: The word analogy derives from the Greek word analogos, which means proportionate. Analogy is a comparison between persons, places, objects or idea for the purpose of explanation. It is just like a relationship between two or more things. Analogy can be distinguished by its fourfold structure or its proportionate ratio. Whenever there are four terms so related that the second term is related to the first, while the fourth is related to the third, then such a relationship is called analogy.
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In the 19th century, there was increased attention to differences in gender. Scientists started to use an analogy between race and gender to explain gender differences. In gender, the female represents a lower race than the male. Researchers record the data of women's bodies for analysis. Nancy Leys Stepan believes that the analogy is so crucial in science that it shapes and influences scientific study. In her article "Race and Gender: The Role of Analogy in Science", she states "The analogy guided research, generated new hypotheses, and helped disseminate new, usually technical vocabularies. The analogy defined what was problematic about these social groups, what aspects of them needed further investigation, and which kinds of measurements and what data would be significant for scientific inquiry."
Analogy definition: An analogy is a comparison between two things that are quite different in nature. An analogy often explains a complex subject with one that is simpler or more familiar.