Firstly, Let’s look what’s Analogy by Definition:
1. Which of the following statements is the correct analogy definition?
A. A short story with no hidden meanings or deeper significance.
B. A juxtaposition of two things that have nothing in common.
C. A comparison of two things.
analogy definition analogy definition analogy definition
Analogy definition: An analogy is a comparison between two things that are quite different in nature. An analogy often explains a complex subject with one that is simpler or more familiar.
In the 19th century, there was increased attention to differences in gender. Scientists started to use an analogy between race and gender to explain gender differences. In gender, the female represents a lower race than the male. Researchers record the data of women's bodies for analysis. Nancy Leys Stepan believes that the analogy is so crucial in science that it shapes and influences scientific study. In her article "Race and Gender: The Role of Analogy in Science", she states "The analogy guided research, generated new hypotheses, and helped disseminate new, usually technical vocabularies. The analogy defined what was problematic about these social groups, what aspects of them needed further investigation, and which kinds of measurements and what data would be significant for scientific inquiry."